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NOTE: Beginning in 2010, substantial changes were made in the levels of the JLPT, and the list below is no longer an accurate guide to non-general use kanji appearing on JLPT Level 1. Please refer to the official JLPT homepage at http://www.jlp.jp/e/for more information, and to the following excellent online study guides designed to help you prepare for the test:
Jonathan Waller's guide to the revised JLPT, including level checker

JLPT Study Page for Levels N2-N5

Beyond the 1,945 General-Use Characters: 114 Additional Kanji You Need to Know for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) Level 1

In 2002, Level 1 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT, 日本語能力試験) covered 2,040 kanji. (In 2001, the number was 2,036).

Of the 1,945 general-use characters, 19 were excluded from the range of the test. (See below for a list of the 19 excluded general-use characters).

The additional 114 characters falling within the range of the test included: (1) commonly used non-general-use kanji characters; and (2) characters used predominately in Japanese names (人名漢字).

Here is a list of the 114, with one pronunciation and one keyword provided for each:

挨 アイ
push open

垢 あか
grime

憧 あこがれる
yearn for

宛 あて
address

或 ある
a certain

椅 イ
chair

伊 イ
phonetic for "I"

炒 いためる 
saute

嘘 うそ
lie

嬉 うれしい
happy

噂 うわさ   
rumor

餌 えさ    
animal feed

於 おいて   
at

岡 おか    
hill

俺 おれ    
I

嘩 カ     
shine

鍵 かぎ    
key

崖 がけ    
cliff

賭 かける   
gamble

籠 かご    
basket

霞 かすむ   
blurred

嘗 かつて   
formerly

鞄 かばん   
handbag

釜 かま    
iron pot

噛 かむ    
chew

瓦 かわら   
tile

稀 キ     
rare

稽 ケイ    
practice

蹴 ける    
kick

喧 ケン    
noisy

梢 こずえ
treetops

忽 コツ    
instantly

此 この    
this

頃 ころ    
about

沙 サ     
sand

匙 さじ    
spoon

拶 サツ    
be imminent

爽 さわやか  
refreshing

叱 しかる   
scold

腫 シュ    
tumor

繍 シュウ   
embroider

醤 ショウ   
soy sauce

尻 しり    
buttocks

芯 シン    
wick

腎 じん    
kidney

隙 すき    
gap

凄 すごい   
incredible

裾 すそ    
hem

咳 せき    
cough

咀 ソ     
bite

蘇 ソ     
Soviet Union

袖 そで    
sleeve

其 その    
that

剃 そる    
shave

揃 そろえる 
be complete

汰 タ     
luxury

叩 たたく   
hit

只 ただ    
only

溜 たまる   
gather

誰 だれ    
who

旦 タン    
dawn

蛋 タン    
protein

馳 チ     
gallop

蝶 チョウ   
butterfly

呟 つぶやく  
mutter

壷 つぼ    
jar

爪 つめ    
fingernail

吊 つる    
suspend

頓 トン    
suddenly

丼 どんぶり  
bowl of food

那 ナ     
phonetic for "na"

奈 ナ     
Nara

謎 なぞ    
riddle

撫 なでる  
pat

鍋 なべ    
pot

匂 におう   
smell

賑 にぎやか  
bustling

睨 にらむ   
glare

濡 ぬれる   
get wet

覗 のぞく   
peek

喉 のど    
throat

呪 のろい   
curse

狙 ねらう   
aim

這 はう    
crawl

箸 はし    
chopsticks

筈 はず    
ought

貼 はる    
affix

髭 ひげ    
facial hair

膝 ひざ    
knee

肘 ひじ    
elbow

瞳 ひとみ   
pupil of the eye

紐 ひも    
string

藤 ふじ    
wisteria

蓋 ふた    
lid

吠 ほえる   
bark

頬 ほお    
cheek

殆 ほとんど  
almost

惚 ほれる   
fall in love

蒔 まく    
sow seeds

撒 まく    
scatter

枕 まくら   
pillow

股 また    
thigh

眉 まゆ    
eyelid

勿 モチ    
not

尤 もっとも  
outstanding

貰 もらう   
receive

闇 やみ    
gloom

茹 ゆでる   
boil

嵐 らん    
storm
呂 ロ     
spine

脇 わき    
armpit

湧 わく    
boil

僅 わずか   
wee bit

碗 ワン    
tea cup

The 19 excluded general-use characters are:

脹   swell
虞   fears
朕   Imperial we
銑   pig iron
嚇   intimidate
勺   shaku
畝   furrow
且   as well
侯   feudal lord
爵   rank of nobility
薪   firewood
帥   commander in chief
錘   spindle
奴   guy
但   provided that
匁   monme
隷   underling
婆   old woman
翁   old man

Kanji lists obtained from:

日本語能力試験出題基準改訂版
Japanese Language Proficiency Test: Test Content Specifications
国際交流基金、2002(凡人社)