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The 214 traditional radicals, arranged according to stroke count, along with their Japanese names and the English names commonly associated with them (with thanks to Prof. David M. Mosher):


Is a "radical" the same thing as a "component"? Find the answer here.
Watch videos of 180 radicals and their English names.
Kanji Radicals Cheat Sheet at tofugu.com

 1画 

 

 1 一 いち one

 2 (a vertical line, as in 弔) ぼう rod, stick, line

 3 丶 てん dot, point, Japanese coma

 4 丿 , のかんむり kana no (can be of varying lengths)

 5 (also as in the right-side of 乱) おつ,,つりばり 2nd in order, fishhook

 6 亅(as in the bottom of 了) はねぼう, かぎばり feathered stick, barb/crochet-hook

 

 2画 

 

 7 二 に two

 8 亠 なべぶた, てんいち, けいさんかんむり kettle lid, dot + one,

 9 (as in 今; variant as in the left-side of 仏) ひと, にんべん, ひと(やね), ひとがしらん man (at top: "roof")

10 儿 ひとあし man’s legs, legs

11 入 いる, いりやね, いりがしら ‘entering roof’(low frequncy)

12 (as in , ) はち, はちがしら eight

13 冂 えん/どう/まき/けいがまえ upside-down box

14 冖 わ/べきかんむり (Crown-shaped) wa, “covering” crown

15 冫 にすい, こり two-stroke water, ice

16 几 つくえ, きにょう, かぜがまえ table, table enclosure

17 凵 うけばこ, かんがまえ open-box enclosure, can enclosure

18 (also as in the right-side of 刈)  かたな, りっとう sword, standing sword

   刃 やいば(ことえり)blade, cutting tool

19 力 ちから strength, strong

20 勹 つつみがまえ wrapping enclosure

   ク く (ことえり) kana ku

21 匕 さじ(のひ), spoon, kana hi

22 匚 はこがまえ box-on-side enclosure, box

23 匸 かくしがまえ hiding enclosure, hiding (a rare variant of #22))

24 十 じゅう cross

25 卜 ぼくのと, うらない, divination, kana to

26 卩 (as in 印、variant as in bottom of 危) ふしづくり, (まげ)わりふ right-side joint, (crooked) seal

27 (as in 歴) ) がん/いちだれ (trailing)cliff, trailing one; trailing goose

28 厶 む kana mu

29 又 また again

  マ ま (ことえり) kana ma

  乃 ない, すなわち namely, that is to say, (also=possessive )

 

 3画 

 

30 口 くち, くちへん mouth

31 enclosure as in くに/くちがまえ country/mouth enclosure, box

32 土 つち(へん) earth

33 士 さむらい samurai

34 (as in 夏) ふゆ/なつあし winter (crown), summer legs

35 すい/ /ゆく/しにょう (a rare variant of #34)

36 夕 ゆうべ, evening, kana ta

37 (as in 奔) だい, だいがしら big, large

38 女 おんな(へん) woman

39 子 こ(へん) child

40 宀 (as in 宅) うかんむり kanja u(crown)

41 寸 すん(づくり) inch

42 (as in 尚) ちいさい、しょう, なおがしら little, small

   学 つ (=name for 3 dots, prob. kana-tsu c.f. #87)

43 尢 (だいの)まげあし; もっとも crooked-leg, crooked big; just, right, reasonable, natural

44 尸 ()かばね corpse, flag

45 屮 てつ、ふるくさ old grass (c.f. #140 くさ grass) low frequency

46 山 やま(へん) mountain

47 ,  巛 さんぼん/まがりがわ 3-stroke river; curving river

48 工 たくみ(へん), carpenter’s square, kana e

49 (also 巳) おのれ, すでに, self, already, snake

50 巾 はば(へん), きん(へん), きれ width, cloth

51 干 ほす, かん, いちじゅう dry, one ten

52 幺 いとがしら, ようへん (c.f. #120) thread top, young, short thread

53 广 ま/てんいちだれ (c.f. #27 hemp enclosure; trailing dotted cliff

54 (as in 延)えん/いんにょう, いんにゅう long-stride, stretching

55 にじゆうあしtwenty legs, letter H, var. 十十

56 弋 しきがまえ ceremony enclosure, ceremony

57 弓 ゆみ(へん) bow

58 (as in 尋) varient: けい/いのかしら, kana yo, pig’s head

59 彡 さんづくり、かみかざり right-hand three, hair ornament, short hair

60 彳 ぎょうにんべん (=#140 var.) going man (historically = #140 var.)

 

 4画 

 

61 心 (var. as in bottom of ,left-side of 忙) (した)ごころ, りっしんべん heart,

62  (as in 域, )ほこ(づくり/がまえ), かのほこ tasseled spear

63 戸 とびらのと, , とがしら/だれ (hanging/trailing)door

64 手 (also as in 打) (へん) hand

65 支 , えだ, じゅうまた, しん/えだにょう branch(enclosure), ten plus mata

66 , (as in 故) とまた, ぼく(にょう), のへん/ぶん to plus mata, bun (#67) plus kana no, folding chair

67 文 ぶん literature, literary

68 斗 とます, , ます, とづくり ten masu (1.8 liter X 10 = 18 l.), dots & crosses

69 斤 きん, おの(づくり) a Japanese pound, ax

70 方 ほう(へん), かた(へん) direction, side person

71 (as in 既) (みょう), なし, すでつくり crooked heaven

72 日 にち, /にちへん (N.#73)  day,  sun

73 曰 いわく, ひらび to speak, flattened/flat sun (low frequency var. of #72)

74 月 つき, つきへん, げつ moon  (N.=#130 var.)

75 木 き(へん) tree

76 欠 あくび, けん, けつ, かける yawn, lacking

77 止 とめる, とめへん to stop

78 歹 いちた(へん), がつ(へん), しにがまえ one plus ta, dried bones, death

79 殳 るまた kana ru plus again, windy again

80 , 母 はは, かんのはは, なかれ mother; like the top of kan

81比 くらべる() to compare

82 毛 け hair (of animals), fur  (enclosure var. )

83 氏 うじ surname, clan

84 气 きがまえ vapor enclosure, steam

85 (also as in , 汽) (した)みず, すい, さんずい water
86(variant as in the bottom of 点)(へん),,よつてん,れんが,れっか fire, left fire, four dots, fire in a row

87 (as in the top of 受) つめ(かんむり), のつ nail, claw; kana no plus tsu

88 父 ちち father

89 爻 みじわる, めめ to mix, double x (old, low-freq.)

90 しょうへん (variant: left-side of 寝)

91 (as in 版) かた,"right side"

92 牙 きば(へん) tusk

93 牛 うし(へん) cow

94 (variant as in the left-side of 猛) いぬ, けものへん dog, wild animal

  

 

 5画 

 

 95 玄 げん blackness, dark (c.f. #203 )

 96 , (as in 現) たま(へん), おう(へん); jewel, king

      ( at bottom of old forms)

 97 瓜 うり melon

 98 かわら tile (enclosure)( = キログラム)

 99 甘 あまい sweet

100 生 うまれる to be born

101 用 もちいる to use

102 田 た(へん), でん rice field

103 (as in the left-side of 疎) ひき(へん) animal counter (= alt. k. for )

104 the enclosure in 症 やまえだれ trailing sickness

105 as in the top of 発 はつがしら to depart, dotted tent

106 白 しろ() white

107 皮 けがわ, ひのかわ animal hide, leather/skin written with hi (vs. ), skin

108 皿 さら, したざら (bottom) dish

109 目 め(へん) eye

110 矛 (むの)ほこ spear (cf.#62)

111 矢 や(へん) arrow

112 石 いし(へん) stone

113 (variant as in) しめす(へん), ねへん to show, left-side kana ne (cf.)

114 禽 じゅう, あしあとfootprint (=kin, tori: bird) low frequency

  variant is 禹 ぐのあし silly/stupidity/folly legs (c.f. 配偶者, , 愚か) (ことえり)

115 禾 のぎ(へん) kana no plus tree two-branched tree (cf. #75 & 127)

116 穴 (as in 空、あなかんむり) hole , cave

117 立 たつ(へん) to stand

 

 6画 

 

118 竹 たけ(かんむり) bamboo (crown)

119 米 こめ(へん) rice

120 糸 いと(へん) (long) thread  (cf.#52)

121 缶 みずがめ, ほとぎ(へん) jar, left-side earthen jar

122 (var. as in top of ) あみがしら/, よこめ, /よんがしらnet crown, net shaped like eye, sideways eye

123 (as in , 着) ひつじ(へん) sheep

124 羽 はね(かんむり) wing

125 (as in 考, 者) おい(かんむり/がしら), ろう(がしら) old man(crown)

126 而 しかして rake

127 (var. as in 耕) らいすき, すきへん plow

128 耳 みみ(へん) ear

129 (as in , 書) ふで(つくり) brush

130 (as in , 肌) にく(づき) meat  (Nelson places all nikuzuki compounds. here)

131 臣 しん, けらい (N=6) retainer, minister (of state), subject

132 自 みずから oneself, dotted eye

133 至 いたる to arrive, arriving

134 臼 うす mortar

135 舌 した(へん) tongue

136 (as in 舞) ます, まいあし square wooden measuring 1.8 liter cup, dancing legs

137舟 ふね(へん) ship

138 (as in , 即) こん, ねづくり root, good

139 色 いろ color

140 (variant as in top of 花) くさ(かんむり), そうこうgrass (cf.#55)

141 虍 とら(がしら/かんむり) tiger (top), (but really an enclosure)

142 虫 むし(へん) insect, bug

143 血 ち(へん) blood, dotted dish (cf.#108)

144行 ぎょう(がまえ), ゆきがまえ going (enclosure)

145 (variant as in the left-side of 補) ころも(へん) clothes, clothing

146 西 (as in ) 襾 にし west

   丘 きゅう, おか (ことえり) hill

 

 7画 

 

147 見 みる to see, seeing

148 角 つの(へん) horn

149 (as in 語) ことば, ごんべん word, speaking

150 谷 たに(へん) valley

151 (as in 頭) まめ(へん) bean

152 (as in , 豚) いのこ(へん), ぶた pig

153 (as in , 狢) むじな(へん), あしなきむし badger, clawed dog, reptiles (cf.#89, 94)

154 貝 かい(へん), こがい shell, small shell (cf.#181)

155 赤 あか red

156 (as in 起) はしる、そうにょう to run, running enclosure

157 (as in 跳) あし(へん) leg, foot

158 身 み(へん) body

159 車 くるま(へん) vehicle, car

160 辛 からい bitter

161 辰 しん()たつ, たつ dragon (vs.竜・龍), (small) dragon

162 as in (variant as in 辷) しんにゅう shinnyuu, advance, road, travel

163 (as in the right-side of 郵) むら, おおざと(づくり) large village

164 酉 (さけの)とり, さけづくり, ひよみのとり hen, zodiac bird, sake

165 (as in 釈) のごめ(へん) kana no plus kome, topped rice

166 里 さと(へん), village, 2 1/2 miles (cf.#163)

 

 8画 

 

167 金 かね(へん) metal, money, gold

168 長 ながい(へん) long

169 門 もん(がまえ), かど(がまえ) gate (enclosure)

170 (variant as in the left sideof 防, 阪) ぎふのふ,こざと Gifu/small village

171 (as in 隷) れいづくり right-hand element of rei=servant, slave

172 隹 ふるとり old bird (cf.#164, #196)

173 雨 あめ(かんむり) rain

174 (as in 靜) あお blue

175 非 あらず, not, not so, negative

 

 9画 

 

176 面 めん face, mask

177 革 かくの/つくりかわ tanned hide, kawa (cf.#107)

178 韋 なめしがわ tanned leather, different (as in 違う)

179 韭 にら leak (cf. )(low frequency)

180 音 おと(へん) sound, noisy

181 頁 おおがい, いちのかい, ページ big shell, one + kana no + kai, page

182 風 かぜ, ふうにょう wind (enclosure) (cf.#16)

183 飛 とぶ to fly, flying

184 (as in 飮) しょく(へん) food

185 首 くび neck

186 香 におい(こう), かおり odor, fragrance, perfume

 

 

 10画 

 

187 馬 うま(へん) horse

188 骨 ほね(へん) bone

189 高 たかい high

190 (as in 髪) かみ(がしら/かんむり) (long) hair (cf.#59)

191 鬥 とう(がまえ), たたかい(がまえ) fighting, broken gate ; low frequency)

192 鬯 かおりぐさ, ちょう (fragrant) herbs

193 鬲 あしかまえ, かく tripod 

194 鬼 おに, きにょう devil (enclosure)

 

 

 

 11画 

 

195 魚 うお(へん)、さかな fish

196 鳥 とり bird

197 , , しお salt (cf.à) low-frequency

198 鹿 (as in 麒) しか(へん) deer (cf. 麒麟 kirin, giraffe)

199 (as in 麺) むぎ, ばくにょう wheat (enclosure)

200 (as in ) あさ(かんむり) hemp (top/enclosure)

 

 12画 

 

201 黄 きいろ() yellow 

202 黍 きび millet (cf. 黍団子 millet dumplings)

203 (as in 黙) くろ() black (=いれずみ, tattoo) (cf.#95)

204 黹 ぬう, ふつ to embroider, sew, sewing; low frequency

 

 13画 

 

205 黽 べん, あおがえる (tree) frog cf. 鼈甲(べっこう, tortoise shell); low frequency

206 鼎 かなえ (three-legged) kettle;low frequency

207 鼓 つづみ hand-drum, drum

208 , ねずみ,  rat (cf. いたち, weasel)

 

 14画 

 

209 鼻 はな nose

210 , さい, せい, ひとしい alike, equal

 

 15画 

 

211 , tooth

 

 16画 

 

212 龍 たつ, りゅう (big) dragon (cf.#161)

 

 17画 

 

213 , かめ turtle; low frequency

214 龠 ふえ, やく flute; low frequency

 

Seven Basic Radical Positions

(1) 偏 へん left radical

(2) 旁 つくり right radical

(3) , かんむり, かしら top radical

(4) 足、脚、下 あし,したfoot, base

(5) 構え かまえ outside, frame

    囲 い かこい enclosure

(6) 垂れ たれ hanging, trailing

(7) 繞 にょう、(にゅう) L-shaped